viernes, 8 de abril de 2011

Lección 16 i: El 'Past Simple' - resumen

El VERBO 'BE'

Recuerde las formas verbales del 'Past Simple':

PRESENTE - am/is/are

AFIRMATIVA

I was
you were
he was
she was
it was
we were
you were
they were


PASADO - was/were

NEGATIVA

I was not (n´t)
you were not (n´t)
he was not (n´t)
she was not (n´t)
it was not (n´t)
we were not (n´t)
you were not (n´t)
they were not (n´t)


INTERROGATIVA

was I …?
were you …?
was he …?
was she …?
was it …?
were we …?
were you …?
were they …?


LOS DEMÁS VERBOS

Para la forma afirmativa se utitiza el 'Past Simple' del verbo, que se forma, en el caso de los verbos requlares, añadiendo -ed al infinitivo. Esta forma es la misma para todas las personas.

Las formas negativa e interrogativa se construyen con did, el 'Past Simple' del verbo auxilier do:

PRESENTE DO/DOES - PASADO - DID

Do you know him? - Did you know him? - Le conocías?
Does he understand? - Did he understand? - Lo comprendió?

I don't know. - I didn't know. - No lo sabía.
He doesn't like fruit. - He didn't like fruit. - A él no le gustaba la fruta.

AFIRMATIVA

I watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped
you watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped
he watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped
she watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped
it watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped
we watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped
you watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped
they watched - finished - played - arrived - studied - stopped


NEGATIVA

I did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop
you did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop
he did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop
she did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop
it did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop
we did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop
you did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop
they did not (didn´t) watch - finish - play - arrive - study - stop


INTERROGATIVA

did I watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?
did you watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?
did he watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?
did she watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?
did it watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?
did we watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?
did you watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?
did they watch… ? - finish …? - play …? - arrive …? - study …? - stop …?